Diabetic nephropathy is a serious kidney-related complication of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. It is also called diabetic kidney disease. Up to 40 percent of people with diabetes eventually develop kidney disease.
Diabetic nephropathy affects the ability of your kidneys to do their usual work of removing waste products and extra fluid from your body. The best way to prevent or delay diabetic nephropathy is by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and treating your diabetes and high blood pressure.
Choose high-fiber and slow-release carbohydrates. Carbohydrates have a big impact on blood sugar levels. High-fiber and slow-release carbohydrates are digested more slowly, thus preventing your body from producing too much insulin. They also provide lasting energy and help you stay full longer. You can try brown rice, sweet potatoes, cauliflower mash, leaf greens, high-fiber breakfast cereal, etc.
*Eat a healthful type of protein at most meals, such as fish, lean meat, skinless chicken. They are high quality protein which produce less wastes and will not increase the burden on kidneys.
*Lessen the intake of sodium properly. Too much sodium will cause swelling and high blood pressure.
*Take vegetables and fruits with high vitamins. They can boost immune system and help you fight with various disease.
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Diet plays an important role in treating disease, but it can not take the place of medication.
Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy often experience proteinuria and swelling and some may also have combined with high blood pressure. As for the patients, proper dietary plan is very essential in protecting their kidneys and slowing down kidney condition aggravation.
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Dietary plan in Diabetic Nephropathy mainly include the follows:
﹡Take low protein food, but they can take adequate fish, lean meat, egg white or chicken to replenish the lost protein. These foods contain high quality protein which produce little wastes.
﹡Avoid high-potassium foods, like low sodium salt, sauce without salt, pickles, processed cans, ginseng powder, chicken powder, strong tea etc.
﹡Avoid High uric-acid food, like animal giblets, seafood, dried fish, beans etc.
﹡ Foods that contain high amount of energy but low protein should be chosen, like potato, sweet potato and pumpkin should be considered.
﹡Low lipid consumption Olive oil and peanut oil have abundant monounsaturated fatty acids, which are good for human beings.
﹡In end-stage kidney disease, as kidneys fail to excrete potassium, and sodium. Foods like spinach, tomato, kelp, banana and peach should be limited.
﹡If Diabetic Nephropathy patients have high blood pressure and swelling symptoms, they also need to limit salt intake. Foods rich in salt include pickles, salted eggs, salted vegetables, tomato sauce, barbecue, bacon and various seasons. Besides, fluids intake is also necessary to prevent the aggravation of swelling symptoms.
﹡ Limit sugar intake, which need patients to keep far away from foods with high sugar like chocolate, orange juice, coconut, brown sugar and so on.
The above is the general principles that Diabetic Nephropathy patients need to follow. Due to different illness condition, exact dietary principles for Diabetic Nephropathy patients may vary from one to one.
An Article By
Dietician Neha Suryawanshi is a nutritionist based in Sion, East Mumbai, India. Nutritionist Neha Suryawanshi is a weight loss diets expert. She is helping people to reach to their health related goals with her healthy diets & lifestyle. Dietitian Neha Suryawanshi provides weight loss diet consultations online. Online diet consultation, customised online diet plans, personalized. She believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care. I have done M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management. P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics ,Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Application, B.Sc. in Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics. Dietitian’s Neha Suryawanshi’s nutrition expertise is in Weight Management, Diabetes Management, PCOS Management, Heart Disease Management, Thyroid Management and Sport nutrition and other clinical disorders. She has worked at Snap Fitness Goregaon as a Corporate Nutritionist where she provided diet and nutrition couseling to Clients and prepared, monitored diet plans on weekly basis and with VLCC Health Care Pvt.Ltd. Currently working as an Online Diet Consultant with Lybrate, Practo, icliniq, happydna and other health websites and writing health blogs as well.
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